Date Fruit Nutrient

date fruitDate fruit has been cultivated since approximately 6000 B.C. The tree is believed to originate in the lands on the banks of Nile and Euphrates Rivers of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. They are the fruits grow on the palm tree belonging to the family of Arecaceae, in the genus: Phoenix, and scientifically named as Phoenix dactylifera. A typical date fruit is a drupe where the outer fleshy part surrounds a shell of hardened endocarp consisting of a seed inside. These fruits are oval to cylindrical in shape and about 3 to 7 cm long. Dates are a sweet and soft fruit commonly grown in desert climates. They are typically sold dried and packaged, but also available as fresh fruit.
The scientific analysis of dates fruit are beginning to reveal that they are actually densely packed with a wide range of minerals, vitamins, amino acids and fatty acids, it should be emphasized that they are not just sources of energy, but material building blocks for our body too. If you’re looking for fiber, potassium, or copper, look no further than dates. The following nutritional data outlines some of the key nutrients found in dates, and is based on a 100 g serving of the date fruit. dates fruit

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Refuse: 10% (Pits)
Scientific Name: Phoenix dactylifera
Proximates:

Nutrients               Dates, deglet noor    Dates, medjool
Water                       20.53 g                             21.32 g
Energy                     1178 kJ (282 kcal)    1160 kJ (277 kcal)
Protein                     2.45 g                               1.81 g
Carbohydrates    75.03 g                            74.97 g
Total Fat:                 0.39 g                               0.15 g
Fiber                          8.0 g                                  6.7 g
Cholesterol           0 mg                                  0 mg

Minerals :
Calcium, Ca           39 mg (4 %)                   64 mg (6%)
Iron, Fe                     1.02 mg (6 %)               0.90 mg (5%)
Magnesium, Mg  43 mg (11 %)                54 mg (14%)
Phosphorus, P     62 mg (6 %)                    62 mg (6%)
Potassium, K        656 mg (14 %)              696 mg (20%)
Sodium, Na           2 mg (0.1 %)                   1 mg (0%)
Zinc, Zn                   0.29 mg (2 %)                0.44 mg (3%)
Copper, Cu            0.206 mg (11 %)          0.362 mg (18%)
Manganese, Mn 0.262 mg (13 %)          0.296 mg (15%)
Selenium, Se        3.0 mcg (4 %)                 –

Vitamins :
Vitamin C             0 mg                                   0 mg
Thiamine (B1)    0.052 mg (3.5 %)        0.050 mg (3%)
Riboflavin (B2)  0.066 mg (4 %)             0.060 mg (4%)
Niacin (B3)          1.274 mg (6 %)             1.610 mg (8%)
P.acid (B5)            0.589 mg (6 %)             0.805 mg (8%)
Vitamin B6          0.165 mg (8 %)             0.249 mg (12%)
Folate (B9)          19 mcg (5 %)                  15 mg (4%)
Vitamin A            10 IU (0.2 %)                  149 mg (3%)
Vitamin E             0.05 mg (0.3 %)             –
Vitamin K             2.7 mcg (3 %)                2.7 mcg (3%)

Percentages are relative to US Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) for adults.
Source: USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

When picking out your dates, look for plump ones with unbroken, smoothly wrinkled skins, and avoid those that smell rancid or are hardened. Dried dates keep for up to a year in the refrigerator while fresh dates should be refrigerated in tight, sealed containers and can keep for up to eight months.